The French horticultural shell bean, also known as "Haricot Tarbais," is a classic heirloom variety renowned for its exceptional flavor and versatility in culinary applications. Originating in the Tarbes region of France, this bean has a rich historical significance in French cuisine. Its taste profile is a harmonious blend of nutty, earthy, and slightly sweet notes, making it a sought-after choice for gourmet dishes. This bean is classified as a pole bean, meaning it grows as a climbing vine that requires support. The pods of the French horticultural shell bean are medium-sized, typically reaching 4-6 inches in length, and they display a stunning mottled appearance with a creamy background and reddish streaks. The plant itself can attain a height of 8-10 feet, and it generally takes around 70-80 days to reach maturity from planting. In terms of disease resistance, the French horticultural shell bean exhibits decent resistance to common bean diseases like rust and mildew, although it's advisable to monitor and manage pests as needed. Under ideal growing conditions, this variety can yield approximately 1500-2000 pounds of beans per acre. Proper spacing is crucial for optimal growth; ensure that plants are spaced about 6-8 inches apart in rows that are 2-3 feet apart. These beans thrive in well-drained soil with full sun exposure and benefit from regular watering to maintain consistent moisture levels throughout the growing season. With its outstanding flavor and culinary versatility, the French horticultural shell bean is a delightful addition to any garden or kitchen.
The Taylor Dwarf Horticulture Bean, also known as the Taylor Horticulture Bean or simply Taylor Dwarf Bean, is a popular heirloom bean variety prized for its delicious flavor and historical significance. This bean variety has a rich history dating back to the early 19th century in the United States. It is a bush-type bean, which means it grows in a compact, bushy form rather than climbing like pole beans. Taylor Dwarf Horticulture Beans are highly regarded for their superb taste, which is characterized by a creamy texture and a slightly nutty, earthy flavor. The beans are typically harvested when they are young and tender, making them ideal for fresh consumption or canning. The pods of the Taylor Dwarf Horticulture Bean are medium-sized and typically measure around 4-5 inches in length. The plants themselves are relatively small and bushy, reaching a height of about 18-24 inches, which makes them suitable for smaller gardens or container gardening. This variety has a relatively short maturity period, typically taking around 55-60 days from planting to harvest. The beans themselves are a pale cream or off-white color. Taylor Dwarf Horticulture Beans are known for their good disease resistance, which helps ensure a healthy crop. In terms of yield, you can expect a respectable harvest of beans per row, with each plant producing multiple pods. Proper spacing between plants should be around 4-6 inches apart in rows that are spaced about 18-24 inches apart. These beans thrive in well-drained soil with good organic matter content and prefer full sun for optimal growth. Adequate moisture and regular harvesting will help ensure a bountiful crop of these delicious and historically significant beans.
Scarlet Runner Bean, scientifically known as Phaseolus coccineus, is a remarkable and versatile legume that has gained popularity for its ornamental and culinary attributes. Native to Central America, this bean has a rich history dating back to the Aztec civilization. The scarlet runner bean is a twining vine that can reach impressive heights, often exceeding 10 feet. Its vibrant, scarlet-red flowers add a stunning ornamental touch to gardens, making it a sought-after plant for both decorative and edible landscaping. In terms of taste, scarlet runner beans are known for their mild, nutty flavor and tender texture. They are commonly harvested when the pods are young and slender, as they tend to become stringy when mature. The pods of the scarlet runner bean are typically large, reaching lengths of 6 to 10 inches or more. The plant itself can be quite robust, with its lush foliage and attractive red blossoms. It usually takes around 60 to 90 days for scarlet runner beans to reach maturity from the time of planting, depending on growing conditions and climate. Scarlet runner beans come in various colors, with the most common being the striking scarlet-red variety. They are known for their resistance to certain diseases, including aphids and whiteflies, making them a relatively low-maintenance crop. In terms of yield, a well-cared-for scarlet runner bean plant can produce a bountiful harvest. On average, you can expect a yield of 10-15 pounds of beans per 100-foot row, making them a productive addition to your garden. Proper spacing is crucial for healthy growth, with a recommended spacing of 6 to 8 inches between plants and 24 to 36 inches between rows. Scarlet runner beans thrive in well-drained soil with full sun exposure and regular watering, making them an excellent choice for gardeners looking to add both beauty and nutrition to their landscape.