Purple Italian Globe, Artichoke Seeds
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The Purple Italian Globe Artichoke, scientifically known as Cynara scolymus var. scolymus, is a stunning and delectable vegetable that has a rich history dating back to ancient times. Originating in the Mediterranean region, this particular variety of artichoke has been cultivated for centuries and is prized for both its ornamental appearance and culinary value. Its striking purple and green hues make it a unique addition to any garden or dinner table.
In terms of taste, the Purple Italian Globe Artichoke boasts a mild, nutty flavor with a slightly sweet and earthy undertone. The tender inner leaves and heart are the most sought-after parts and are often used in various dishes, from salads and dips to braised or roasted preparations. The artichoke can grow to a substantial size, typically reaching diameters of 4 to 6 inches, making it a substantial vegetable for cooking.
The Purple Italian Globe Artichoke is known for its longer days to maturity, typically requiring around 150 to 180 days from planting to harvest. Each plant typically yields multiple artichokes, and they can be propagated from seeds or offsets. These plants thrive in well-drained, nutrient-rich soil and prefer full sun exposure. Adequate spacing and regular watering are essential for optimal growth. Overall, this variety of artichoke offers not only a delicious addition to your culinary endeavors but also a visually striking and historical component to your garden.
Botanical NameCynara scolymus
Seeds Per Gram22
Seeds Per Pound9,856
Seeds Per Ounce616
Days To Maturity (# Days)120
Learning Download: How to Grow Artichokes
Seeing the large globe of an artichoke and imagining growing the edible beast in a garden may seem intimidating, but artichokes can be an easy and striking addition with the ability to grow almost anywhere in the United States. Depending on climate, some artichoke plants may return as perennials.
Before Planting: Artichokes require very fertile, well-drained soils with a pH of 6.5–8.0.
Planting: Artichoke seeds can be started in February in a greenhouse or under a fluorescent light, planted about 1/4-inch deep in 4-inch containers. Transport seedlings to the garden 8 to 10 weeks later, but be sure the danger of frost has passed. By then, the transplant should be nearing 10 inches in height. Plant the seedlings four feet or more apart as the plants grow large. Where winter low is above 15°F, sow seeds in fall, harvest in spring.
Watering: Artichokes need watering once a week, but can vary. If soil is heavy and holds moisture well, water less often. For warmer regions, water more frequently, but do not allow artichokes to stand in water.
Fertilizer: Artichokes require nutrient-rich soil, so be sure to fertilize with fish emulsion.
Days to Maturity: Harvest buds measuring at least three inches across while the bud is still closed. The more a bud opens, it becomes bitter, and fully open buds are inedible. (85-100 days)
Harvesting: Clip mature buds midsummer to mid-fall, depending on location.
Tips: To induce early budding time, transplant so plants receive 10 days of 45–50°F temperatures. Protect from frost at night.
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