Learning Download: How to Grow Peas
Peas are a fun plant to grow with different varietals allowing gardeners to eat the whole pod or split the shell open to find bursting peas inside. Depending on the species, peas can be grown in a pot or in a garden, which makes the plant a good option for all green-thumbs.
Before Planting: Prior to sowing, add wood ashes to the area for fertilization. Soak seeds overnight before planting.
Planting: Plant the first sowing in early spring as soon as the soil can be worked. Sow 2″ apart, 1″ deep, with rows 12″-18″ apart. If pea is a vining variety its best to have a support or trellis system to help with diseases and yield. For fall crops sow 6-8 weeks before first frost date. Inoculate peas to encourage formation of nitrogen producing nodules on the plant roots. This enriches the soil, results in larger plants, and increases yield.
Watering: Always keep seeds well watered during germination and then water the plant sparingly. Don’t hoe the area as this may damage roots.
Fertilizer: Too much fertilization may harm peas, as they are vulnerable to nitrogen. Compost may help, though pea plants don’t need much fertilizer.
Days to Maturity: Peas can typically be harvested between 12 and 15 weeks after planting. Rotate pea crop every other year. (See each variety for days to maturity)
Harvesting: Harvest snow peas right at the beginning of seed formation and sugar peas when seeds are full size. Harvest frequently to increase yields. Do not let peas over-mature as this will slow production.
Tips: Peas are a cool weather crop best grown in spring and fall. For best yields ensure adequate fertility, pH of 6.0-7.5 and well draining soil.
AVG. Seeding Rate: 1 lb./80′, 13 lb./1,000′, 272 lb./acre at 25 seeds/ft., in rows 24″ apart.