Forage Chicory

Farm Seed

$13.00


Chicory has a long taproot that penetrates subsoils which makes it drought tolerant and allows it to make minerals more available to livestock. Rich in potassium, sulfur, calcium, zinc, sodium, manganese and iron. When managed properly, Chicory produces leafy growth which is higher in nutritive and mineral content than alfalfa and other cool season grasses. Used mainly in mixes with other pasture or cover crop seeds.
Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.)
– Warm season, broadleaf
– Perennial
– Upright and spreading growth habit
– Protein levels: 10-32%
– Forms arbuscular mycorrhizal associations
Uses:
– Bees & Beneficial Insects
– Chicken Forage
– Deer Attractant
– Forage
When to Plant:Brassicas consist of short and long season brassicas. Short season brassicas (rape, turnips, radish) should be planted in mid-July or 75 days before your first frost date in the fall. Long season brassicas (kale, swede) should be planted in early May or 150 days before your first frost date in the fall.How to Plant:Till ground before planting. Then firm ground to make flat. Use a seed broadcaster to spread seed evenly over the ground. Next flatten ground again to secure seeds into soil.
When to Plant:
Brassicas consist of short and long season brassicas. Short season brassicas (rape, turnips, radish) should be planted in mid-July or 75 days before your first frost date in the fall. Long season brassicas (kale, swede) should be planted in early May or 150 days before your first frost date in the fall.
How to Plant:
Till ground before planting. Then firm ground to make flat. Use a seed broadcaster to spread seed evenly over the ground. Next flatten ground again to secure seeds into soil.
Fertilizing:
Add 50 lbs of nitrogen per acre and 200 lbs of 6-24-24 at planting.
Location:Planting Depth:Soil Type:Full Sun1/8-1/4″Moist, loamy soil
Seeding Rates:
Sowing SeasonSeeding Rate (1,000 Sq. Ft.)Seeding Rate (1 Acre)ChicorySpring1/4 lb.3-4  lbs.FlaxSpring and Summer1 lb.27-40 lbs.KaleSpring1/4  lb.4 lbs.RadishLate Summer1 lb.10-20 lbs.RapeSpring & Summer1 lb.5-15 lbs.RutabagaSpring & Summer1/4 lb.3-5 lbs.TurnipSpring or Late Summer1/4 lb.8-10 lbs.
Sowing SeasonSeeding Rate (1,000 Sq. Ft.)Seeding Rate (1 Acre)ChicorySpring1/4 lb.3-4  lbs.FlaxSpring and Summer1 lb.27-40 lbs.KaleSpring1/4  lb.4 lbs.RadishLate Summer1 lb.10-20 lbs.RapeSpring & Summer1 lb.5-15 lbs.RutabagaSpring & Summer1/4 lb.3-5 lbs.TurnipSpring or Late Summer1/4 lb.8-10 lbs.
Cover Crop Calculator:
Calculate the amount of cover crop needed
Calculate the amount of cover crop needed
1 Acre = 43,560 square feet, or 435’x100′
Weight Conversion:
1 Pound = 16 Ounces
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Learning Download: How to Grow Chicory

Chicory is a great addition to any salad, and varietals include the more commonly known endive and radicchio. The leafy vegetable offers a nutty flavor to salads. Chicory is a cool-weather plant, tolerating the occasional frost.

Before Planting: Chicory is hardy and can be planted when frost is still around in spring. It is a cool weather crop and grows best at temperatures of 55–65°F. Careful variety selection is important for hot weather plantings.

Planting: For direct seeding, seeds will germinate from 45–85°F with highest germination at 75°F, depending on the variety and seed lot. Sow seeds 1″ apart, rows 12–18″ apart. Cover seed lightly, about 1/8″, and tap soil down gently. Thin to 8″ apart. Keep soil uniformly moist during germination and early growing. For transplanting, sow 2-3 seeds in cells, barely covering seeds with fine vermiculite, 3-4 weeks before transplanting outdoors. Shade the flats on sunny, warm days if necessary to keep the soil surface cool, below 70°F, until germination. Harden seedlings by reducing water and temperature for 4-5 days before planting outdoors. Properly hardened transplants can survive temperatures as low as 20°F. Transplant 8″ apart in rows 18″ apart. Transplant shallowly so that the base of the plant will be slightly above the soil to discourage bottom rot. For salad mix/baby leaf, sow 3-4 seeds per inch. Cover seeds lightly, about 1/8″, tap soil down gently and keep surface moist until emergence (3-10 days). Harvest at 5-6 weeks.

Watering: Chicory requires attentive weeding and well-drained soil. Water 1-2 inches per week.

Fertilizer: To retain moisture, add mulch around the plants. Fertilize with a nitrogen-based fertilizer.

Days to Maturity: Chicory leaves are ready to harvest when they reach about 12 to 18 inches in height. (See each variety for days to maturity)

Harvesting: Pull the plant, roots included, from the soil gently and chop off the root, but keep the leaves. If you plan on forcing chicory to grow chicons, cut the leaves so 1 inch remains above soil and follow the forcing process.

Tips: Chicory does best in full sun in a soil with a pH of 5.5 or greater.

AVG. Direct Seeding Rate: 1M/220′, 5M/1,100′, 10M/2,200′, 131M/acre at 3 seeds every 8″ in rows 18″ apart.

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