Learning Download: How to grow Caraway
Caraway is a biennial herb that grows best in cooler weather and has an edible taproot, similar to a parsnip. In its second year of growth, it will flower on 2-foot stems.
Before Planting: Start caraway early in biodegradable peat pots about 4 weeks before the last frost date because the plant does not transplant well and you can plant the entire pot in the garden.
Planting: If direct planting, sow seeds 1/4 inch deep and thin the successful plants to 18 inches apart.
Watering: Water regularly until the plant is established.
Fertilizer: Amend soil with aged compost prior to planting and provide a side dressing of compost in the middle of the growing season.
Days to Maturity: Snip the leaves from spring on to use in meals. Seeds can be harvested during its second year of growth after the plant flowers.
Harvesting: If harvesting seeds, allow them to dry out and turn brown.
Tips: Once caraway flowers, pinch off the flowers so it will grow another year. It might need cold protection if you are growing it in colder areas.