Tomato Growing Info

 
Learning Download: How to Grow Tomatoes
 
When to Plant: Tomato seeds should be sowed indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date. Transplant after last frost date and soil temperature has reach 60°F.
 

Starting Seedlings: Start seeds indoors under controlled conditions. Use soilless grow media. Place in a sunny window with at least 8 hours of sunlight. Water only when soil feels dry to touch. No fertilizer is needed until transplanting. Using a heating pad to keep the soil between 70-80°F.

Hardening Off: Slowly introduce your tomato seedlings to the outdoor environment one week before transplanting. Each day add more time outside. Start with shade and no wind outdoors and work your way up gradually to sun and wind.

Location: Tomatoes should be grown in a sunny location with good soil drainage.

Fertilizing: Add 1 ounce of high phosphorus fertilizer (5-10-10) in hole before transplanting. Fertilize again when first tomatoes begin to appear and then again when first tomato is picked.

Diseases: Learn the common tomato diseases in your area. Select resistant varieties. For prevention, use young, healthy transplants, avoid overhead irrigation, plow in tomato plant refuse in the fall, rotate crops, and do not handle tobacco or smoke before handling plants. Fungicides can reduce certain diseases when properly selected and applied.

Blossom End Rot: Prevent it by providing abundant soil calcium and an even supply of soil moisture.   Insects and

Pests: Use row covers to protect young seedlings from flea beetles. Tomato hornworms can be controlled with bacillus thuringiensis. Use spinosad for potato beetle larvae and adults.

Harvest: Fully vine-ripen fruit only for local retailing or use. To deliver sound fruit, pick fruit less ripe the further the distance and the longer the time between the field and the customer.

Storage: Store firm, ripe fruit 45-60°F for 4-7 days. Some varieties will store longer.

Avg. Planting Rates: Avg. 785 seeds/667 plants to produce 1,000 ft. of row. Avg. 8,540 seeds/1 oz., to produce 1 acre of transplants, 18″ between plants in rows 4′ apart (7,260 plants needed).

 
Location: Planting Depth: Soil Type:
Full Sun 1/8-1/4″ Well drained, fertile, pH 6.0-6.8
 
 
  Seed Spacing Row Spacing Seeds per 100′ Yield per 100′ Seeds per Acre
Tomato
24″ 36″ 50 150 lbs. 7,500

 

 
Tomato Seed Count
(Beefsteak) 
1/4 Ounce: 1,875
1 Ounce: 7,500 Seeds
1/8 Pound: 15,000 Seeds
1/4 Pound: 30,000 Seeds
1/2 Pound: 60,000 Seeds
1 Pound: 120,000 Seeds
 
 

Tomato Seed Count
(Cherry) 
1/4 Ounce: 2,500
1 Ounce: 10,000 Seeds
1/8 Pound: 20,000 Seeds
1/4 Pound: 40,000 Seeds
1/2 Pound: 80,000 Seeds
1 Pound: 160,000 Seeds
* These are average tomato seed counts.  Varieties can vary.
 
1 Acre = 43,560 square feet, or 435’x100′

 

 
Weight Conversion:
1 Pound = 16 Ounces
1 Ounce = 28.3 Grams